Bootstrap - Alerts


Introduction to Bootstrap Alerts

Bootstrap Alerts are pre-styled message boxes that can be used to display important information to users on a website. They are part of the Bootstrap framework and are designed to grab the user's attention and convey a message quickly.

There are several reasons to use Bootstrap Alerts in your web projects. They are easy to implement and require minimal coding. With just a few lines of HTML and CSS, you can create professional-looking Alerts that match the style of your website. Bootstrap Alerts are responsive and look great on all devices, from desktop computers to mobile phones. They automatically adjust their size and layout to fit the screen size, making them a great choice for websites that need to be accessible on various devices.

The basic syntax for creating a Bootstrap Alert is simple. You start with a <div> element and add the class .alert to it. Then, you can add additional classes to style the Alert, such as .alert-success for a green Alert or .alert-danger for a red Alert. Inside the <div>, you can add your message content, which can include text, images, and other HTML elements.

Example: Basic Bootstrap Alert

<div class="alert alert-primary" role="alert">
  This is a primary alert—check it out!

In this example, we create a <div> element with the classes .alert and .alert-primary, which gives the Alert a blue color. We also add the role="alert" attribute to improve accessibility for screen readers. Inside the <div>, we add our message text.

With this basic structure, you can create Alerts of different styles and customize them to fit your needs. In the next sections, we'll look at more advanced features of Bootstrap Alerts and how to use them in your web projects.

Creating Bootstrap Alerts

Bootstrap has several default Alert styles that you can use right out of the box. These styles match the look and feel of the Bootstrap framework and give a consistent user experience across your website.

To create a default Alert, add the .alert class to a <div> element, along with one of the contextual classes. Bootstrap has four contextual classes for Alerts: .alert-primary, .alert-secondary, .alert-success, .alert-danger, .alert-warning, .alert-info, .alert-light, and .alert-dark. Each of these classes uses a different color scheme for the Alert, making it easy to show different types of messages to users.

Example: Default Bootstrap Alerts

<div class="alert alert-primary" role="alert">
  This is a primary alert—check it out!
<div class="alert alert-success" role="alert">
  This is a success alert—check it out!
<div class="alert alert-danger" role="alert">
  This is a danger alert—check it out!

You can also customize the content of your Alerts. Bootstrap Alerts can contain any valid HTML, including headings, paragraphs, links, and buttons. This lets you create rich, informative Alerts that grab the user's attention and give clear instructions.

Example: Customizing Bootstrap Alerts Content

<div class="alert alert-success" role="alert">
  <h4 class="alert-heading">Well done!</h4>
  <p>You successfully read this important alert message. This example text is going to run a bit longer so that you can see how spacing within an alert works with this kind of content.</p>
  <p class="mb-0">Whenever you need to, be sure to use margin utilities to keep things nice and tidy.</p>

Dismissible Alerts

Sometimes, you may want to give users the option to dismiss an Alert after they have read it. Bootstrap provides an easy way to add dismiss functionality to your Alerts.

To create a dismissible Alert, add the .alert-dismissible class to your Alert <div>. Then, add a close button with the data-dismiss="alert" attribute inside the Alert. When the user clicks this button, the Alert will fade out and be removed from the page.

Example: Dismissible Bootstrap Alerts

<div class="alert alert-warning alert-dismissible fade show" role="alert">
  <strong>Holy guacamole!</strong> You should check in on some of those fields below.
  <button type="button" class="btn-close" data-dismiss="alert" aria-label="Close"></button>

Bootstrap also provides animated Alerts that fade in and out when they are shown or dismissed. To create an animated Alert, add the .fade and .show classes to your Alert <div>, as shown in the example above.

With these techniques, you can create dynamic, interactive Alerts that keep users informed and engaged with your website. In the next section, we'll look at how to further customize your Alerts with CSS and icons.

Styling Bootstrap Alerts

The default Bootstrap Alert styles are enough for most uses, but you may want to change the look of your Alerts to fit your website's design. Bootstrap provides several ways to change the appearance of Alerts using CSS.

One way to customize Alerts is by changing their colors. Bootstrap uses CSS variables for Alert colors, which you can override in your own stylesheets. To change the background color of the primary Alert, you can use this CSS:

Example: Change Background Color of Primary Alert

.alert-primary {
  background-color: #007bff;

You can also change the text color, border color, and other properties of the Alert using CSS. This gives you control over the appearance of your Alerts and lets you create a color scheme across your website.

Another way to customize Alerts is by changing their font and spacing. Bootstrap Alerts use the default Bootstrap font stack and spacing, but you can override these styles in your CSS. To change the font size and padding of an Alert, you can use this CSS:

Example: Change Font Size and Padding of Alerts

.alert {
  font-size: 1.2rem;
  padding: 1rem;

This will increase the font size and padding of all Alerts on your website. You can also target specific Alert classes or use custom classes to change the font and spacing of individual Alerts.

You can add icons to your Alerts to make them more visually appealing and useful. Bootstrap does not include icons for Alerts, but you can add your own using Font Awesome or another icon library. To add an icon to an Alert, include the icon HTML inside the Alert <div>:

Example: Bootstrap Alerts with Icons

<div class="alert alert-success" role="alert">
  <i class="fas fa-check-circle"></i>
  <strong>Success!</strong> Your message has been sent.

You can use any icon you like and put it anywhere within the Alert using CSS.

By combining these styling techniques, you can create custom Alerts that get the user's attention and provide a seamless user experience. In the next section, we'll look at how to use JavaScript to add interactivity to your Alerts.

Using Bootstrap Alerts with JavaScript

Bootstrap Alerts can be made interactive with JavaScript. You can trigger Alerts programmatically, listen for Alert events, and close Alerts with JavaScript methods.

To trigger an Alert with JavaScript, you first need to create the Alert element in your HTML. Then, you can use the alert() method in JavaScript to show the Alert:

Example: Triggering an alert with JavaScript

<div id="myAlert" class="alert alert-success" role="alert">
  This is a success alert!

  $(document).ready(function() {

You can also listen for Alert events in JavaScript. Bootstrap Alerts trigger two events: and The event fires immediately when the close instance method is called, while the event fires when the Alert has been closed (i.e., after the CSS transition).

To listen for these events, you can use the on() method in jQuery:

Example: Listening for Alert events

<div id="myAlert" class="alert alert-warning alert-dismissible fade show" role="alert">
  This is a dismissible alert!
  <button type="button" class="btn-close" data-dismiss="alert" aria-label="Close"></button>

  $("#myAlert").on("", function() {
    console.log("The alert has been closed.");

Finally, you can programmatically close Alerts using the alert('close') method in JavaScript. This method will instantly remove the Alert from the page without any animation:

Example: Programmatically closing Alerts

<div id="myAlert" class="alert alert-danger" role="alert">
  This is a danger alert!

<button id="closeButton" type="button" class="btn btn-secondary">Close Alert</button>

  $("#closeButton").click(function() {